However, including multiple cases limits the depth with which each case may be analyzed and also has implications for the structure and length of the final report. To do a case study in qualitative research, carefully select a specific subject and use appropriate data collection methods and analysis to attempt to understand the subject and surrounding circumstances -- also called context. a statement of the study's purpose and the theoretical context, a detailed description of the case(s) and explanation of decisions related to sampling and selection, context of the study and case history, where relevant, issues of access to the site/participants and the relationship between you and the research participant (case), evidence that you obtained informed consent, that the participants' identities and privacy are protected, and, ideally, that participants benefited in some way from taking part in the study, methods of data collection and analysis, either manual or computer-based data management and analysis (see Weitzman & Miles, 1995), or other equipment and procedures used, findings, which may take the form of major emergent themes, developmental stages, or an in-depth discussion of each case in relation to the research questions; and illustrative quotations or excerpts and sufficient amounts of other data to establish the validity and credibility of the analysis and interpretations, a discussion of factors that might have influenced the interpretation of data in undesired, unanticipated, or conflicting ways, a consideration of the connection between the case study and larger theoretical and practical issues in the field. Nike inc case study questions. Although widely used, the qualitative case study method is not well understood. Gall, M. D., Borg, W. R., & Gall, J. P. (1996). Qualitative research and case study applications in education. Abstract . Interpretation. It also indicates that if the researcher is starting from a quantitative database, then methods for finding influential outliers can be used. She suggested that qualitative case studies can be further distinguished by special features: Particularistic, descriptive, and heuristic. Duff, P. (in press). Identification of the case. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. The use of qualitative content analysis in case study research pdf rating. Data may be analyzed and interpreted through a variety of ideological lenses (e.g., positivist, poststructuralist, feminist, or critical (Duff, 2002; Merriam, 1998; Yin, 1994), although descriptive/interpretive approaches are still the most common in TESOL. Sometimes a case study will also collect quantitative data. Establishing a trusting relationship with research participants, using multiple elicitation tasks (data collection procedures), obtaining adequate relevant background information about case participants and sites, and having access to or contact with the case over a period of time are, in general, all highly desirable. This implies that qualitative data analysis of case studies is complex and requires flexibility, experience, and skill. Context. Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (1994). Sign into your Profile to find your Reading Lists and Saved Searches. Political Science and International Relations, https://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781412957397.n277, Case Study Research in Business and Management, Deductive-Nomological Model of Explanation, Paradigm Plurality in Case Study Research, Research Questions, Types of Retrospective Case Study, Contentious Issues in Case Study Research, Computer-Based Analysis of Qualitative Data: ATLAS.ti, Computer-Based Analysis of Qualitative Data: CAITA (Computer-Assisted Interpretive Textual Analysis), Computer-Based Analysis of Qualitative Data: Kwalitan, Computer-Based Analysis of Qualitative Data: MAXQDA 2007, Computer-Based Analysis of Qualitative Data: NVIVO, Comparing the Case Study With Other Methodologies, Conceptual Model in a Qualitative Research Project, Conceptual Model in a Quantitative Research Project, CCPA – Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Style for a research paper often abbr crossword analysis Qualitative case study in foreign policy case study Qualitative case analysis in study give back to community essay research paper on the zodiac killer, sample bar essay questions, texas a&m essay requirements 2020 write a short essay on responsibility, essay writing on freedom fighters in telugu. Case study research may feature single cases or multiple cases (e.g., often two to four). 145-152). As in ethnography, bringing together (triangulating) multiple perspectives, methods, and sources of information (e.g., from interviews, observations, field notes, self-reports or think-aloud protocols, tests, transcripts, and other documents) adds texture, depth, and multiple insights to an analysis and can enhance the validity or credibility of the results. If you encounter a problem downloading a file, please try again from a laptop or desktop. Yin, R. K. (1994). In language policy research, the case may be a country. ), Handbook of qualitative research (pp. Qualitative data coding . L2 researchers frequently propose models or principles based on their results to be supported, tested, compared, or refuted by themselves or others in subsequent research (e.g., Schmidt, 1983; Schmidt & Frota, 1986). Computer programs for qualitative data analysis: A software sourcebook. Aim To illustrate an approach to data analysis in qualitative case study methodology.. Background There is often little detail in case study research about how data were analysed. The case study approach allows in-depth, multi-faceted explorations of complex issues in their real-life settings. For more information on how TESOL International Association uses cookies, please read our privacy policy. To exempilfy this, we were able Establishing the significance or importance of themes or findings is crucial; the discussion should ideally link these themes explicitly to larger theoretical and practical issues. Second language acquisition: A book of readings. Acknowledging multiple realities in qualitative case studies, as is now commonly done, involves discerning the various perspectives of the researcher, the case/participant, and others, which … Case study research produces vast amounts of data. More recently, TESOL case studies have adopted the more subjective and interpretive stance typical of case studies in education and other fields (Gall, Borg, & Gall, 1996; Johnson, 1992; Stake, 1994, 1995), with less emphasis on the acquisition of discrete linguistic elements and more emphasis on such issues as learners' and teachers' identities, skill development and its consequences for learners, teachers' professional development experiences, and the implementation of language policies in programs and countries. Qualitative analysis was used to examine the interview transcripts and derive fundamental categories that summarized the underlying thematic structure. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer. Multiple cases are often preferable to single cases, particularly when the cases may not be representative of the population from which they are drawn and when a range of behaviors/profiles, experiences, outcomes, or situations is desirable. In N. Hornberger & D. Corson (Eds. Case study research may feature single cases or multiple cases (e.g., often two to four). Johnson, D. M. (1992). Case studies may be descriptive or explanatory. Consider alternate explanations, and account for results that run contrary to the themes that emerge or for differences among triangulated sources. Uncommon Perspective. In R. R. Day (Ed. Case study data analysis generally involves an iterative, spiraling, or cyclical process that proceeds from more general to more specific observations (Creswell, 1998; Palys, 1997; Silverman, 2000). ), Sociolinguistics and second language acquisition (pp. Data in SLA studies may be somewhat more restricted (either interviews, tests, writing samples, think-aloud protocols, or grammaticality judgments), and the analytic focus may be narrower and more technical as well, such as the development of linguistic or rhetorical structures in oral or written L2 production. Schmidt, R. W., & Frota, S. N. (1986). (1995). However, it is important that comprehensive analysis procedures are used because there are often large sets of data from multiple sources of evidence. Case study research in applied linguistics. Qualitative Case Study Guidelines Saša Baškarada Joint and Operations Analysis Division Defence Science and Technology Organisation DSTO-GD-0773 ABSTRACT This report presents guidelines for conducting qualitative case studies. Merriam, S. B. 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