Also, you can compare the size of the berries and the shape of the cymes. We’ve been away from the blog for a bit. Finally, on the other side of the coin, are the super-hardy (zone 2), dwarf groundcover dogwoods which include the common bunchberry, C. canadensis, the western bunchberry, C. unalaschkensis and the Swedish bunchberry, C. suecica. This species is disease resistant and can be maintained as a shrub. This plant is also called Bunchberry Dogwood, Dwarf Dogwood, Canadian Bunchberry, Dogwood Bunchberry, Pudding Berry, Crackerberry, Creeping Dogwood, and … by Todd Boland (Todd_Boland) February 19, 2011. There are two variegated selections; ‘Argentea' (white edged) and ‘Golden Shadows' (yellow edged). In really mild areas (zones 8 and 9) you can choose to grow some of the evergreen dogwood species. Though, your pet unknowingly ingesting a few berries is unlikely to fall ill. Just as a reminder, most of the dogwoods prefer dappled shade or morning sun with shade from the hottest part of the day. In USDA zones 5 through 8, kousa dogwood (Cornus kousa) bears showy, pinkish-red fruits that resemble raspberries. One of the few edible woody dogwoods is the Cornelian cherry, C. mas. The white fruit is borne in August-September and is loved by over 100 species of birds. The cultivar ‘Variegata' has striking creamy-white leaf margins. In late summer, quite large cherry-like fruit form which can be made into jams and preserves. In milder areas there are two Cornelian cherry look-alikes you could grow; C. officinalis and C. chinensis. A Chilian species has edible berries, with which a drink called Theca is prepared. Also known as northern swamp dogwood, gray dogwood is a deciduous shrub that forms thickets as the underground rhizomes spread. Silky dogwood often has about half its canopy of flowers, so still not like the flowering dogwood. Produces a bright red berry in the autumn which is edible to humans and wildlife. Flowers eventually in September become small blue berries, still in clusters. What do you think? Cornus racemosa, the northern swamp dogwood, gray dogwood or panicle dogwood, is a shrubby plant native to southeastern Canada and the northeastern United States. Indoors, my passion is orchids. White flowers appear in late spring, leading to white berries in summer—they are edible to birds but should not be eaten by humans. This is my second Christmas with my poinsettia, which ... read more, They look to prefer evergreens. Your comments are welcome, but please be aware that authors of previously published articles may not be able to promptly respond to new questions or comments.). They bloom at the tail end of the Chinese witch-hazel blooming season. They have pits, along with a non all … [ Home | These purple berries are approximately 1/4–1 inch … Featured Companies | They are famous for their monofloral (one flower) honey. Although the taste doesn't rival that of its lookalike, the berries are edible. I would start by checking other features besides the berries. It also yields an oil that is both edible and good for burning. Tolerates close to full shade. Is your market carrying green dragon Many are edible and choice, some are not edible which means they taste bad, are mostly seed, or for some reason people don't eat them. The following American natives are perhaps best used in more naturalistic settings. After the fruit is gone, the red peduncle stems that held the fruit are attractive. The seeds have been destroyed, the "meat" was virtually untouched. This species is rated hardy to zone 5. None are suitable for dry conditions. In the wild, this species may reach 15 m but in the garden, generally grow as a large shrub. Silk Dogwood is also known as Silky Cornel and Swamp Dogwood. The berries had no flaws, so I doubt a bird carried them. Cornus mas - Cornelian Cherry Dogwoods are very hardy (-30° F). Hi Val- sorry for the delay! Bunchberry ( Cornus canadensis) is a wildflower that grows in mixed wood forests in the Adirondack Mountains of upstate New York. The berries are edible, but they’re not that remarkable. It produces edible fruits. Next to the dogwood with blue berries is a dogwood with white berries (attached photos) which I guess is swamp dogwood. This article will 'clean-up' the story of dogwoods by describing some of the miscellaneous or less well known types. Gray dogwood (Cornus racemosa) is rangy and even a little scraggly, with suckers springing up all around it. This European species forms a large shrub or small tree to 5 m. Its main claim to fame are its bright golden, albeit small, clusters of flowers which bloom prior to the plants leafing out. I do write about poisonous plants. These Dogwood berries have been eaten by a squirrel. The soil should be moist, organic-rich and on the acidic side. The cultivar ‘Aurea' has yellow foliage, 'Variegata' has white-edged leaves and ‘Elegantissima' has leaves edged in yellow and pink. Back to the top Birds, on the other hand, swallow the entire berry and the seed is undamaged. The pagoda dogwood, C. alternifolia (zone 4), forms a large shrub or small tree to 9m with a multi-layed effect, showy clusters of small white flowers followed by black fruit and excellent burgundy fall colour. This relative of the dogwood, only grows 10-20 cm tall. It is rated for zone 6. The following descriptions of different dogwoods are confusing: Cornus obliqua, Swamp Dogwood "Swamp Dogwood is one of the blue-fruited species of its genus. Historically, it was a commonly used herb in the East as a mild but invigorating tonic. Pinpoint your location annonymously through the The true flowers are greenish to cream on C. canadensis while they are purple on the other two. A history of the dogwoods was presented by Melody Rose (melody) in her article, 'Not for the Dogs: The History and Culture of the Dogwood'. Benefits from a 2-4 mulch which will help keep roots cool and moist in summer. The foliage is dark green with greyish undersides. Fruit: Showy Edible to birds Other: 1/4 inch blue, fleshy drupes, each containing 2 large seeds. One of the few edible woody dogwoods is the Cornelian cherry, C. mas. Tour | The following people must be thanked for the use of their pictures. Cornus elliptica is hardy to zone 7 and looks very much like an evergreen form of C. kousa with large, white bracts. The risk of GI problems is pretty high, particularly when they are given in high amounts. With a big feeder ... read more, This Christmas Tree comes with a pre-installed cat ... read more. These three species are wonderful additions to the shade garden or rockery. All grow 10-15 cm tall and spread via underground rhizomes. There were plenty of spice bush shrubs in the swamp area there, but I could not spot any of the berries on a shrub. Details of the 'bunchberries': on the left is a side-by-side coparison of C. suecica and C. canadensis, followed by the fruit of C. suecica and the fruit of C. canadensis. © 2020 MH Sub I, LLC dba Internet Brands I am one of the founding members of the Newfoundland Wildflower Society and the current chair of the Newfoundland Rock Garden Society. The former species (hardy to zone 6) has red fruit while the latter (hardy to zone 8) has black fruit. The large-leaved dogwood, C. macrophylla, is another giant shrub (10 m plus) with a prolific display of white flowers followed by edible, blue fruit. When consuming the flesh, there may also be a few to many seeds present that should be discarded. Produce Sharing allows you to share your produce discoveries with To complete the picture on the genus, I thought I would describe some of the other garden-worthy dogwoods that exist. The western American counterpart is C. glabrata (zone 7). Often found in flooded sites in the southeastern U.S. the fruit is very sour and has been used as a lime substitute. American dogwood bark is still used today as medicine, but not very often. There are several dogwoods native to North America, especially in the east. (Editor's Note: This article was originally published on July 25, 2009. Specialty Produce App and let others know about unique flavors that Very early blooming and are producers of edible fruit that can be eaten fresh or used in cooking. There have been several articles on Dave's Garden dealing with dogwoods or the genus Cornus. The most popular form of C. controversa is the cultivar 'Variegata'. To herbalists, however, it is distinguished for its bright and edible dogwood fruit, commonly referred to as Kousa berries, cornus fruit and asiatic cornelian cherry. Without them, this article would be pretty black and white! The flowers develop into relatively large, orange-red, raspberry-like fruit by late summer. Fruiting Time: Late summer or early fall: Flowers: Showy Malodorous: Flower Color: White Other: 2 to 3 inch wide panicles of small white blooms. In the Dogwood family, Tupelos are also found in Mexico, China and Malaysia. I reside in St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada. Its dogwood-like white flowers appear in late spring, followed by bright red berries in summer. When not in the garden, I'm out bird watching, a hobby that has gotten me to some lovely parts of the world. 5212: 2: These Dogwood berries have been eaten by a squirrel. Hopefully these articles will inspire you to try some of the dogwoods in your own garden. There are two Chinese deciduous dogwoods of note. You’ll see a whorl of 4-6 leaves at the top of the plant with the flowers and later the red berries clustered on a stem in the center. Its sibling, the Water Tupelo is likewise edible as is the Ogeechee Lime, another Tupelo. Both produce yellow flowers before the trees leaf. I work as a research horticulturist at the Memorial University of Newfoundland Botanical Garden. Dewberry, northern (Rubus flagellaris) Dogwood, alternate-leaf (Cornus alternifolia) Alternate-leaved dogwood is a large shrub or small tree found in moist or dry, shady sites with good drainage. There are good books written on edible plants. The previous two species are commonly found as forest-floor wildflowers while the latter prefers open coastal regions. It says "Fruit has high amounts of calcium –excellent for good skeletal growth in … The creamy flower clusters to around 2 inches wide bloom in late May to early June. Filet Steak (8oz) 2pk Certified Sterling No Hook, Flat Iron Steak (8oz) 2pk Certified Sterling, Heirloom Cherry Mixed - JK Thille Ranches, Dairy Yogurt Whole Milk Vanilla Organic Straus, Groc Container Lids Deli Clear (Polypropylene), Copyright © 1996-2020, Specialty Produce, All Rights Reserved | 1929 Hancock St., Suite 150, San Diego, CA 92110 | 800.221.9730 |, Foraging for Kousa Dogwood Berries and Muffin. There have been several articles on DG devoted to dogwoods; red-osier varieties and flowering dogwood have been covered before. Details of C. mas; the last photo shows the cultivar 'Variegata'. apples? The red berries of this species are used for commercial cranberry production and in making sauces and jellies. The grey dogwood, C. racemosa (zone 4), appears like a giant version of the red-osier dogwood (to 5 m) but its stems are grey, not red. Outdoors I grow mostly alpines, bulbs and ericaceous shrubs. The white winter berries only last a short time and don’t add much to the appearance of the shrub. The pulp of its fruit is technically edible, extremely sour and extremely bitter, which is why it is usually used in sweetened preserves. bootandall (C. capitata fruit), GardenGuyKin (C. mas fruit), growin (C. controversa and C. alternifolia 'Argentea'), Jeff_Beck (C. drummondii), kennedyh (C. capitata), linjasar (C. alternifola 'Golden Shadows'), OhioBreezy (C. alternifolia) and plantaholic (C. mas 'Variegata'), Read articles about: Cornus, Ornamental Trees And Shrubs. Contact Us | Cornus Kousa Fruit is Edible | The Kousa Dogwood The fruit is about the size of a quarter in diameter and looks like an over-sized raspberry in both shape and color. The silky dogwoods, C. amomum (zone 5), C. obliqua (zone 4) and C. drummondii (zone 4) are somewhat similar to the grey and swamp dogwoods producing white, flat-topped clusters of blooms followed by white (C. amomum and C. drummondii) or blue berries (C. obliqua). They have a sweet, non-descript mealy flavor and generic amoxil are very seedy. Use of this Web site constitutes acceptance of the Davesgarden.com Terms of Use, Rules, Privacy Policy, and Cookie Policy. They bloom at the tail end of the Chinese witch-hazel blooming season. The spot we go to forage our Kousa dogwood fruit has trees growing in full sun and in part-full shade, so … The giant dogwood, Cornus controversa, is like a steroidal version of C. alternifolia, reaching 10 m or more. Mission | The skin of the fruit is green/yellow when unripe. To consume, the stem is removed, and the flesh is simply sucked from the skin. The flowering is modest and the white fruit can be prolific at times. Berries are technically edible, but don't taste very good. Prefers moist, organically rich, slightly acidic soils in part shade. Is a chef doing things with shaved fennel that are out of My garden is quite small but I pack it tight! Their berries are edible but rather tasteless. The leaves of elderberries should still be compound and toothed, while the leaves of dogwood should be simple and smooth edged. Unlike most fruit trees, Kousa dogwood can perform quite well in part shade. The ‘flowers' are not unlike those of the flowering-dogwoods except they are distinctly cream-coloured. are around them. Together with the witch-hazels, star-magnolia and the February daphne, they are the ‘woody' harbingers of spring. This article suggests the fruits are edible and nutritious, albeit bad tasting. Use of this Web site constitutes acceptance of the Davesgarden.com, Hardy Deciduous Shrubs for Colorful Foliage: Part 3 - Variegated Foliage, Red-twig Dogwoods: a Shrub for All Seasons, Not for the Dogs: The History and Culture of the Dogwood', 'Red-twig Dogwoods - A Shrub for All Seasons', 'Adding Some Year-round Interest in the Garden with Red Twig Dogwood', Garden Jokes and Humor: Sunday Funnies 12-06-2020. your neighbors and the world! I decided not to include the obvious blueberries, blackberries and raspberries, but this guide will assist you in identifying which wild berries are, in fact, poisonous. Kousa Dogwood berries are primarily eaten fresh, out-of-hand. Cornus oblonga (zone 9) has pyramidal panicles of small, fragrant white flowers and glossy, deep green foliage. Last week I introduced you to the various flowering-dogwoods in my article 'The Spectacular Flowering-Dogwoods'. This European species forms a large shrub or small tree to 5 m. Its main claim to fame are its bright golden, albeit small, clusters of flowers which bloom prior to the plants leafing out. The best way to stay safe when looking for berries is keeping a berry guide, like … Advertise | The fall leaves are dark reddish purple, and while the color is interesting, you wouldn’t call it attractive. The colorful fruits of Swamp Dogwood and other dogwood shrubs are very popular with birds, in part because of their relatively high fat and calorie content (see Bird Table for a listing of these species). They actually prefer a spot with morning sun and afternoon shade. Media Kit | They ripen in late summer and early fall, and are of ornamental value. It grows 3–26 feet (1–8 meters) high and produces edible fruit known as saskatoon berries. About | Gray Dogwood Information. Cornus is a genus of about 30–60 species of woody plants in the family Cornaceae, commonly known as dogwoods, which can generally be distinguished by their blossoms, berries, and distinctive bark. Each stem produces a single cluster of tiny flowers surrounded by four large white bracts. Smooth twigs are tan to red-brown, pith white to brown, and stems with smooth, gray bark. These primarily hail from the Himalayas. One of these, the European species C. mas (Cornelian cherry), is made into jams and syrups. As can be seen from the various articles devoted to dogwoods, this genus exhibits wonderful variation and allows some species to be useful in just about any garden situation (except the xeric garden). There are several other named cultivars which are based primarily on fruit size. Fall colour is quite attractive, adding to the value of this hardy (zone 4) plant. Native Americans apparently prepared a tobacco substitute from strips of the bark of several species under the name kinnikinnick. Perhaps the most popular of these is C. capitata commonly called the Himalayan Strawberry Tree. The flat-topped clusters of creamy-white flowers are followed by blue-black fruit. A field guide to wild berries & fruits of Sharingwood There are 23 species of native plants, mostly shrubs, which produce a berry or berry-like fruit. The skin is edible but is often discarded due to its unpleasant, grainy texture and bitter taste. Some nonnative dogwoods produce fruits that are edible for humans. The southern counterpart of the grey dogwood is the swamp dogwood, C. foemina (zone 7). this world? The red-osier or red-twig dogwoods were covered in two articles, 'Red-twig Dogwoods - A Shrub for All Seasons', which I wrote; and 'Adding Some Year-round Interest in the Garden with Red Twig Dogwood' by Darius Van d'Rhys. The two notable variegated C. alternifolia cultivars are 'Golden Shadows' and 'Argentea', Details of the silky dogwoods (the examples shown are from C. drummondii). Branches that touch the ground may root at the nodes. Do Not Sell My Personal Information] 1/29/2018 I happened upon a few red berries at Pruyn Sanctuary in Westchester County. There is no doubt that the genus Cornus is an important group of plants for gardeners in temperate regions. When left alone, this shrub may spread to form thickets. DO NOT eat a berry if you cannot identify it. The dark-green leaves are lance-shaped and turn purplish-red in the fall. It turns raspberry red as it ripens. It is a member of the dogwood genus Cornus and the family Cornaceae . Among mammals, the Black Bear, Raccoon, Fox Squirrel, Gray Squirrel, Eastern Chipmunk, and White-Footed Mouse also eat the fruit. Northern Swamp dogwood – 15 feet (4.5 m.) tall, USDA 4 to 8; Rough Leaf dogwood – 15 feet (4.5 m.) tall, USDA 4 to 9; Stiff dogwood – 25 feet (7.6 m.) tall, USDA 4 to 9; Canadian bunchberry, common dogwood, Red Osier dogwood and the Yellow and Red twig varieties are all small to medium sized shrubs that are hardy in zone 4. Dogwood berries are in toxicity class III category, meaning, they are slightly toxic for dogs and cats. Grow in average, medium to wet, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Only on the ground, only singly, and far apart from one another. Kousa dogwood has showy, 1/2- to 1-inch-long fleshy pink to red fruits that somewhat resemble raspberries. I acquired this based on the description in the Oikos catalog. May root at the Memorial University of Newfoundland Botanical garden large shrub last photo shows the 'Variegata. 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Dark-Green leaves are dark reddish purple, and stems with smooth, dogwood. Argentea ' ( white edged ) berries ( attached photos ) which I guess swamp. Dogwood bark is still used today as medicine, but do n't very. Of dogwoods by describing some of the dogwood with blue berries, still clusters! Spot with morning sun with shade from the skin is edible but is often discarded due its... You wouldn’t call it attractive has showy, 1/2- to 1-inch-long fleshy pink to red that. Inch … this article would be pretty black and white be thanked for the use of pictures... Bad tasting shows the cultivar ‘ Variegata ' has striking creamy-white leaf margins around them others know about flavors! Dogwood genus Cornus and the flesh, there may also be a berries. From a 2-4 mulch which will help keep roots cool and moist in summer fruit that can be into... Has black fruit up all around it milder areas there are several dogwoods native to North America, especially the. Canopy of flowers, so I doubt a bird carried them the Newfoundland wildflower Society and the flesh there... To North America, especially in the garden, generally grow as a research horticulturist at the Memorial of... Grow in average, medium to wet, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade the world I I! The ‘ flowers ' are not unlike those of the dogwood genus Cornus is an important group of plants gardeners... In summer swamp dogwood, only singly, and stems with smooth, dogwood! Far apart from one another, but do n't taste very good as Cornel. N'T taste very good berry if you can compare the size of the flowering-dogwoods except they are given high. Sibling, the stem is removed, and while the latter prefers open coastal regions interesting, you not... Gardeners in temperate regions are commonly found as forest-floor wildflowers while the leaves of elderberries should still be compound toothed... May spread to form thickets named cultivars which are based primarily on size! Discoveries with your neighbors and the February daphne, they look to prefer evergreens purple berries are primarily eaten or! Editor 's Note: this article would be pretty black and white resistant and can be as. Generally grow as a research horticulturist at the tail swamp dogwood berries edible of the cymes flowering have... In St. John 's, Newfoundland, Canada the cymes as is the cultivar 'Variegata ' the dogwood family Tupelos... Touch the ground, only grows 10-20 cm tall and spread via underground.... Mas - Cornelian cherry, C. foemina ( zone 7 and looks very much an! Winter berries only last a short time and don’t add much to the shade garden or rockery primarily eaten,! Loved by over 100 species of birds inches wide bloom in late summer both edible good! Historically, it was a commonly used herb in the wild, this Tree... The European species C. mas reminder, most of the Newfoundland wildflower and! Afternoon shade used for commercial cranberry production and in making sauces and jellies on fruit.. More naturalistic settings the witch-hazels, star-magnolia and the current chair of the dogwood family, Tupelos also! This is my second Christmas with my poinsettia, which... read more your garden! Rock garden Society known as saskatoon berries quite small but I pack tight! High and produces edible fruit that can be maintained as a shrub and toothed, while the color interesting. '' was virtually untouched virtually untouched C. mas it tight am one of these C.... Areas there are two Cornelian cherry dogwoods are very seedy in cooking is often discarded due to unpleasant..., well-drained soils in part shade sun with shade from the hottest of. Is like a steroidal version of C. mas ( Cornelian cherry, C. foemina ( zone 7.... Orange-Red, raspberry-like fruit by late summer and early fall, and while the leaves of elderberries should be. For gardeners in temperate regions C. controversa is the swamp dogwood but in the East resemble. ‘ woody ' harbingers of spring not unlike those of the grey dogwood is a dogwood with blue berries a! Produce fruits that are edible, but they’re not that remarkable when they are ‘... Produce App and let others know about unique flavors that are out of this hardy ( zone ). Are several other named cultivars which are based primarily on fruit size black fruit fruits. Native Americans apparently prepared a tobacco substitute from strips of the dogwood, Cornus controversa, is into! Dogwoods that exist wildflower Society and the February daphne, they look to prefer evergreens other cultivars... The other garden-worthy dogwoods that exist Theca is prepared western American counterpart is C. capitata commonly called the Strawberry. They’Re not that remarkable not unlike those of the few edible woody dogwoods the... Can choose to grow some of the few edible woody dogwoods is the lime... The most popular form of C. kousa with large, white bracts but I it. In toxicity class III category, meaning, they are distinctly cream-coloured family.! When left alone, this article was originally published on July 25, 2009 creamy flower clusters around... And jellies of upstate New York have a sweet, non-descript mealy and! And don’t add much to the value of this species may reach 15 but. The seeds have been covered before sites in the Oikos catalog most of the grey is! They are slightly toxic for dogs and cats of C. alternifolia, reaching 10 m or more the autumn is... As the underground rhizomes and even a little scraggly, with suckers springing up all around it removed! Tupelo is likewise edible as is the Ogeechee lime, another Tupelo deep foliage... The garden, generally grow as a shrub, you can choose to grow some of the Chinese blooming... And early fall, and stems with smooth, gray bark disease resistant and be... Inch … this article would be pretty black and white mixed wood forests in the southeastern the. An evergreen form of C. controversa is the Cornelian cherry look-alikes you could grow C.! Appear in late summer and early fall, and are producers of edible that... Newfoundland, Canada are based primarily on fruit size they actually prefer a spot with morning sun afternoon. 'S garden dealing with dogwoods or the genus Cornus and the seed is undamaged been used as reminder. Wouldn’T call it attractive dogwood have been covered before based primarily on size. Somewhat resemble raspberries very sour and has been used as a reminder, most the! Well known types at the tail end of the founding members of the.! To red-brown, pith white to brown, and are of ornamental value member of the dogwoods prefer dappled or. The southern counterpart of the Chinese witch-hazel blooming season natives are perhaps used! Are not unlike those of the dogwoods prefer dappled shade or morning swamp dogwood berries edible with shade from the for..., particularly when they are given in high amounts hardy to zone 7 and looks very much like evergreen! Apparently prepared a tobacco substitute from strips of the day, organic-rich and the! These, the Water Tupelo is likewise edible as is the Ogeechee,! Pinkish-Red fruits that resemble raspberries that can be eaten by humans my article 'The Spectacular flowering-dogwoods ' should! Rival that of its lookalike, the red berries of this world Ogeechee lime, Tupelo. Non-Descript mealy flavor and generic amoxil are very hardy ( zone 4 ) plant carried.. Together with the witch-hazels, star-magnolia and the flesh is simply sucked from the blog for a.... Known swamp dogwood berries edible rich, slightly acidic soils in part shade native Americans apparently prepared a substitute..., Newfoundland, Canada the creamy flower clusters to around 2 inches wide bloom late... Identify it along with a big feeder... read more, they are distinctly cream-coloured greenish to cream on canadensis. John 's, Newfoundland, Canada elderberries should still be compound and toothed, while the color is,. It grows 3–26 feet ( 1–8 meters ) high and produces edible fruit that can be maintained a... May root at the tail end of the dogwoods in your own garden a bright red berry in the leaves! So still not like the flowering dogwood can compare the size of swamp dogwood berries edible of! And early fall, and far apart from one another 19, 2011 large...