People born in Northern Europe and Nordic countries (like Iceland, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, Norway, Germany, and Netherlands) usually have green eyes. Pink and red eyes are considered the rarest eye colors in the world, giving new meaning to the word “rare.” Only one in every 20,000 people have a form of albinism, according to the National Institutes of Health, and even fewer have red-tinted eyes. Brown is the most frequent eye colour. Green irises have an uncommon melanin level — less than brown eyes, but more than blue eyes. They may not be rare, but you can take pride in knowing you’re sporting the “original” eye color — the same one early humans in modern-day Africa had, hundreds of thousands of years ago. Somatosens Mot Res. However, a review of eye color classification shows that it is indeed considered a different eye color from blue., People in Northern countries tend to have lighter colored eyes. Did We All Have Brown Eyes? SEE RELATED: Celebrities with heterochromia. Wet or dry cat food Quiz. It's unusual to see odd eyes in cats who lack both the dominant white and the white spotting genes, but it can happen. That certainly isn’t the case any longer. Iris implant surgery to change eye color can be dangerous, american academy of ophthalmology warns. Rarest eye color- amber or green (Nicole Richie’s eyes are an example of true amber eyes) Rarest skin color- blue. Hazel eyes are rare in Africa and Asia where brown is often the only eye color found. Lack of pigment around one or both eyes. Violet eyes=Light blue eyes. In comparison, darker eyes are common in warmer locales for much the same reason people have darker skin in Southern countries., In studies, gray and blue are often lumped together. It is also one of the primary descriptors used in a missing person’s report. By red, I mean true, scientific red, as in possessing the Mc1R gene. Although there is a lack of research, many sources claim that the rarest hair and eye color combination is blue eyes with red hair. If you or someone you know has hazel eyes, you may have noticed the eye color “changing” from time to time. She specializes in covering general wellness and chronic illness. 2020. It is believed that the human race started out having brown eyes, and due to genetic mutations, other colors came about. And today, you can change the color of your eyes yourself! Green eyes are the rarest, but there exist anecdotal reports that gray eyes are even rarer. Will the Color of Your Baby's Eyes Change? In the U.S., fewer than 200,000 people have this condition.. But isn’t it better to enjoy your natural eye color which is as unique as a fingerprint? Grigore M, Avram A. Iris colour classification scales—then and now. American Academy of Ophthalmology. 2019;39:109-118. doi:10.1016/j.fsigen.2019.01.001. Eye color isn’t always reflective of heritage, but America’s large number of blue eyes can be at least partially attributed to the large number of citizens with Scandinavian, British, Irish and Eastern European backgrounds. People with black-colored eyes instead have very dark brown eyes that are almost indistinguishable from the pupil. It's commonly quoted that only 2% of the world’s population has green eyes, though it’s difficult to determine where that number came from. A similarly small-sized study of 60 subjects had the same finding when testing pressure pain thresholds and for pain related to cold. However, remember that correlation does not equal causation and more study is needed to prove these effects. Evidence points to the possibility that people with darker eyes may have a reduced risk of non-age-related hearing loss.. About 10,000 years ago, they say all people had brown eyes until one of those people had a genetic mutation that led to blue eyes. Outside of a few exceptions, nearly everyone has eyes that are brown, blue, green or somewhere in between. In terms of common eye colors, green eyes take the prize as the rarest eye color. October 31, 2014. It's included on a driver’s license and other forms of identification. The title of rarest hair colour/eye colour combination belongs to red haired folks with blue eyes. Research from 2011, for instance, suggests a link between blue eyes and type 1 diabetes. Similarly, a review from 2015 suggests a possible link between eye color and hearing loss. Jan 4, 2018 - Explore Pernia Mirza's board "Rarest eye color" on Pinterest. Are contact lenses a good choice for kids? Some people who claim to have black eyes actually have dark brown. Even if the number is accurate, 2% of the world's 7.3 billion people is 146 million. American Academy of Ophthalmology. Green eyes are the rarest, but there exist anecdotal reports that gray eyes are even rarer. 2017 Mar;34(1):21-26. doi:10.1080/08990220.2016.1276439. Stasio ED, Maggi D, Berardesca E, et al. Some conditions, like Fuchs heterochromic iridocyclitis, can cause you to lose pigment in your iris, making the eyes appear lighter in color. A rare blue eye … this is called heterochromia. Eyeglass temples: How do you know if they're the right length? The results are listed below, ordered from most rare to most common. Once upon a time, every human in existence had brown eyes. What about the other 1%? Stanford at The Tech. According to Medical Daily, both the blue eye trait and the red hair trait are recessive, so their likelihood of simultaneous appearance is pretty slim. Congenital Cataracts: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment, Iris colour classification scales—then and now, True colors: A literature review on the spatial distribution of eye and hair pigmentation, Iris implant surgery to change eye color can be dangerous, american academy of ophthalmology warns, Blue eyes as a risk factor for type 1 diabetes, Eye color as a risk factor for acquired sensorineural hearing loss: a review, Individuals with dark eyes and hair exhibit higher pain sensitivity. In fact, there is some debate over what the rarest eye color actually is. That certainly isn’t the case any longer. Some people are born with it. It is technically called heterochromia. An unusual and attractive look is the dichromatic, or dichroic, eye, usually seen in white cats. Green-Only 1-2% of the world is born with green eyes. Sporting one or two blue eyes is a rare treat in the dog world. Besides the amount of melanin produced, how much is present in the front of the iris and the back of the iris, as well as the composition of the stroma layer in between, determines eye color. Multiple genes are at work in determining these variables, and much about this is still not understood. If you look closely, you might even spot streaks of brown and gold within the gray. Medicaid: Eligibility and Vision Benefits. eye didn’t know this but green eye color is the production of small amounts of melanin. More melanin produces a darker coloring, while less makes for lighter eyes. A blend of brown and green, hazel eyes represent 18% of the American population. Steph Coelho is a freelance health writer, web producer, and editor based in Montreal. But there’s a little more to it than that. Just how rare are green eyes? Only 2% of the world’s population has green eyes, according to the demography resource World Atlas. All About Vision supports the efforts of Essilor Vision Foundation and OneSight to eliminate vision issues including uncorrected refractive error. The discovery of the synthetic variety occurred due to a prize offered by the French government. It is estimated that 15% of people undergo a change of eye color during puberty. Blue eyes would be common in Europe, particularly Scandinavia. Many basic level biology courses used to use eye color to break down how certain genes are passed on from parents to children. This doesn’t take into account different parts of the world having a higher or lower percentage of a certain color. November 30, 2016. Edmund Custers more Edmund is a biostatistician with over 10 years of experience in clinical research. The AAO recommends seeing an eye care professional before using cosmetic contact lenses. Even less common is a condition called heterochromia iridum — different colored eyes. If you have brown eyes, your eye color is the most common seen among humans. It’s possible to change your eye color using cosmetic contact lenses, but you need to be careful because improper use increases your chance of getting an infection. Is eye color determined by genetics? Let’s have a look at the rarest eye colors. Multi-Colored Eyes. Some people may group gray eyes with blue eyes. If you have green eyes, you’re in luck. You should also never buy contact lenses that don’t require a prescription., The AAO also warns against surgery to change the color of your eyes. As a whole, only about 5% of the global population has hazel-colored eyes. Two people with brown eyes, for example, can indeed have a child with lighter eyes. Researchers generally label green and amber eye colors to be the rarest colors among the different pigments that are possible. one of the rarest eye colors is actually a combination. But why are green eyes so rare? The merle gene. In green eyes, the front of the iris has a small amount of melanin which is usually red or yellow pheo- melanin. This color, or lack thereof, is a result of the complete restriction of pigment and extension of white over the dog's entire body. They also include a category of other—which may include of gray eyes—that makes up 1% of the population., According to the AAO, green eyes are one of the rarest eye colors. Actually only 2% of the world’s population has green eyes. That’s around 154,000,000 people from the world’s 7.7 billion population – or approximately the population of Russia. American Academy of Ophthalmology. MedlinePlus. Eye color may seem like something that just has to do with your appearance. Green is the rarest of the common eye colors. Fewer than one out of every 10 Americans (9%) has them. I think the rarest color of eyes is purple to my logic, yes its possible. In Finland and Sweden, that number is 80% to 90% — more than four out of every five residents. This is one of those questions that seems like it should have an easy answer when it really doesn’t. Although there’s not much scientific evident, but green eye color is likely the most rare eye color on earth. It’s the same pigment that determines the color of our skin. December 5, 2017. But like green eyes, hazel eyes tend to be much rarer elsewhere in the world. Green eyes cover about 2% of the worlds population which makes these one of the rarest eye colors in the world. People who have albinism lack most or all melanin, giving their skin, hair and eyes a very light appearance. 1. Although these eyes are rare there are some regions where they are more common, such as South America and Asia. Most of the bronze color tends to settle near the outer edge of the iris, while tiny streaks of brown, green and even gold are seen closer to the pupil. February 28, 2019. This is the rarest eye color in the world. Based on the Punnett Square, they would be the rarest when in combination with dominant genes or genotypes. 2011;27(6):609-613. doi:10.1002/dmrr.1214, Mujica-Mota MA, Schermbrucker J, Daniel SJ. 2015;59(1):29-33. Green eyes is the rarest color in the world because it is a REAL eye color. About 10,000 years ago, someone in what is modern-day Europe was born with a genetic mutation causing permanently blue eyes. To this day, brown eyes are overwhelmingly dominant in Africa and Asia. It can occur due to injury, medication, or illness. It’s rare for people to have heterochromia. However, this can sometimes lead to terrible consequences. Is the Rarest eye color. It would look as if their irises were cut in half with one side being one color and the other a different color. Green is considered the rarest eye color in the world because only approximately 2% of the world’s population has green eyes. Let’s examine both. Most of them have something to do with the transport, production, and storage of melanin. Their low melanin content is similar, but in fact, gray irises are significantly more rare than standard blue eyes. The light scattering effect gives off a blue color that mixes with the yellow color making the eye appear green. But there’s a little more to it than that. Brown freckles can develop in your iris over time, and while most are harmless, they can sometimes be cancerous. Ultramarine Blue. It’s usually the result of a harmless genetic mutation, but it can also be caused by underlying disorders and injuries. Gudgel DT. It is possible for your eye color to change in adulthood. While lighting and environment may influence eye color perception, diseases, medications, and injury can also impact eye color later in life. 2015;320:1-10. doi:10.1016/j.heares.2014.12.002. Just like red eyed people are just Albinos (Lack of Iris). The color of our eyes tends to play a big part in our self image and, in some cases, can be a genetic throwback to your family tree. If we do the math, 2% of the world’s population is about is 146 million people. While some people may appear to have irises that are black, they don’t technically exist. These colored eyes are solid color … The American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) surveyed Americans to find out how prominent certain colors were. Eye color isn’t just a superfluous part of your appearance. Worldwide, however, blue eyes are much rarer. All About Vision and AllAboutVision.com are registered trademarks of AAV Media, LLC. American Academy of Ophthalmology. Verywell. Even rarer human eye colors include violet and red, and a condition that causes multiple eye colors to occur simultaneously. That's one with two colors in one iris. People with blue eyes have the exact same genetic mutation which causes eyes to produce melanin. According to Medical Daily, both the blue eye trait and the red hair trait are recessive, so their likelihood of simultaneous appearance is pretty slim. Eye color isn’t just a superfluous part of your appearance. © 2000-2020 AAV Media, LLC. Holmgaard H, Hansen EØ, Dong NP, Dixen LB, Nielsen GA, Poulsen JN, Gazerani P. Individuals with dark eyes and hair exhibit higher pain sensitivity. This kind of surgery can have serious side effects, including blindness and vision issues.. Am i the only one who knows this very simple knowledge? It can also say something about a person’s health. If you’ve been doing the math, you already know that these colors only add up to 99%. Now after knowing about the science behind the eye color. Its color is determined by genes. Mukamal R. Why are brown eyes most common? It is also one of the primary … But which is the rarest eye color, and why? Are costume contact lenses safe? It is an eye disorder that causes a person’s eye to be different in … Amber eyes are considered one of the rarest eye colors in the world, occurring in less than 5% of eyes worldwide. Colors can range from a lighter chestnut to darker hues that almost seem to blend in with the pupil. There are a lot of variations to this combo too – it can look different depending on how light or dark the brown of your hair is, what overtones it has, as well as what the tones of the green in your eyes are as well. This eye color is often confused with blue, but these eyes appear gray – or silver. there are 3 types Complete Heterochromia: your both eyes are 2 different colors. Heterochromia. Red eyes are mainly found in albinos, but there are documented cases of them existing in people whom otherwise appear to have no other pigmentation anomalies. The title of rarest hair color/eye color combination belongs to red haired folks with blue eyes. There are a few unique colors, and combinations of colors, that make up this group: the rarest of the rare. Once upon a time, every human in existence had brown eyes. Eye color is a distinct part of your appearance. American Academy of Ophthalmology. About 27% of Americans have blue eyes, making it the third rarest eye color. Less than one percent of people have this eye color. Every blue-eyed person today is a distant descendant of this one, ancient human. Brown eyes are common, but there is no single dominant gene for brown eye color as was once believed. Green Eyes. 2008;179(5):447-448. doi:10.1503%2Fcmaj.070497. Boyd K. Eye color: unique as a fingerprint. The synthetic variety of the pigment was obtained by heating in a closed-fire clay furnace, a fine mixture of China clay, soda ash, coal or wood, sulfur, silica and charcoal. A 2014 study presented at the American Pain Society meeting in 2014 concluded that women with light-colored eyes had a higher reported pain tolerance during pregnancy than those with darker eyes. However, it should be noted that the sample size for this study was relatively small, with a total of 58 women. While scientists—and probably your high school biology teacher—used to think that eye color inheritance was a simple matter of dominant and recessive genes, they now know that this isn’t the case. Why are my eyes changing color? Read our, Medically reviewed by Jonathan B. Jassey, DO, Medically reviewed by Johnstone M. Kim, MD, The Science Behind Having Two Different Colored Irises, What You Need to Know About Skin Pigmentation. Iris color is determined by our parents’ eye colors mixed with a little genetic lottery. It can be hard to even imagine what you’d look like with a different eye color. Blue+Red=Purple. Between 55 and 79% of individuals globally have brown eyes. Thank you, {{form.email}}, for signing up. This often results in light blue eyes but can rarely show as pink or pale red-colored eyes, when a complete absence of melanin causes tiny blood vessels to become visible. SEE RELATED: How eye color develops and why it changes. Color mixing 101. Can coronavirus (or a cold or the flu) cause pink eye? It's not even a mutation it's just lack of melanin in a blue eyed person. We encourage our readers to consider supporting these humanitarian eye care non-profit organizations. Rarest Eye Colors Considered as God Gift: Besides that human body feature is what god have given us, there are technically and scientifically reasons behind all that. The iris’s pigmentation can … I'd probably rate eye colors in this order (by rarest). Your blue eyes aren’t really blue. Coronavirus: How eyes may play a role in its spread, Eye doctors add safety measures to cut COVID-19 risk, A face mask reduces coronavirus transmission but doesn't protect the eyes, The importance of healthy vision for road safety. The American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) explains that around 27% of people in the U.S. have blue eyes. Yes, that’s a … More melanin in the iris will produce brown eyes, while less of it may mean green, blue, or gray eyes. Eye color as a risk factor for acquired sensorineural hearing loss: a review. The reason why this combination is so rare is because red hair and blue eyes are both recessive genes. Dichromatic eyed cats have two colors in one eye. Green Colored Eyes (Rarest Eye Color): Green is the rarest eye color, about three percent of the world have pure green eye color. Join our community to receive newsletters and offers. CMAJ. Rarest Hair and Eye Color Combinations. Finally the most rare eye color found in humans without any argument is red. The rarest hair and eye color combination is red hair and blue eyes. What happens to FSA dollars at the end of the year? What does the average eye exam cost without insurance? Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews. 1/1000 people have purple eyes. Though the scientific research is lacking, it is very likely that green is one of the most rare eye colors worldwide. Melanin is a pigment found in the skin, hair, and eyes. Hear Res. Ⓒ 2020 About, Inc. (Dotdash) — All rights reserved, Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Green eye color is a result of a mild amount of pigmentation in the eye with a golden tint. More melanin produces a darker coloring, while less makes for lighter eyes. In the United Kingdom and Ireland, over half of all residents have blue eyes. February 3, 2017. Eye color can change throughout life. Green eye color is sometimes confused with hazel … UPMC & Pitt Health Sciences News Blog. If you have blue eyes, you’re related (sort of) to every other person who has blue eyes. Your unique eye color is determined by two components: (1) pigmentation of the iris and (2) the specific way light scatters around the globe of the iris itself. American Academy of Ophthalmology. A pigment called melanin is responsible for that color. World Atlas notes that only 8% to 10% of the global population has blue eyes. Forensic Science International: Genetics. This is because the hazel pigment level has a unique ability to reflect light in strange ways, giving off the perception of a shifting iris color. How older drivers can improve their driving at night, Face shields, eye goggles advised to prevent COVID-19 spread. How Many People Have Green Eyes The reason for green eye color is the production of moderate amounts of melanin. What Is the Rarest Eye Color? For dogs, brown is the most common eye color, with amber running a close second. Yea, multi-color eyes do exist. Brown eyes may fade to hazel with age. Ultimately, eye color is the byproduct of genetics. Like green eyes, they are very rare and have even less pigment than blue eyes. It's included on a driver’s license and other forms of identification. Turbert D. Heterochromia. See more ideas about eye color, pretty eyes, beautiful eyes. Black hair and purple eyes One of the rarest and prettiest eye colors, purple eyes tend to … In terms of common eye colors, green eyes take the prize as the rarest eye color. Cats with multiple eye colors are very rare – but the rarest are cats who have Dichromatic eyes. Pietzak R. Can eye color predict pain tolerance? A white Siberian can have liver-colored or black points (the color of the nose and the skin around the eyes). 7 Rare Eye Colors People Can Have Rom J Ophthalmol. 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Technically exist bunch of rarest eyes colors in this order ( by rarest ) iris over,. Green what is the rarest eye color blue, green eyes is purple to my logic, yes its.! How do you know if they 're the right length better to enjoy your natural eye color actually.! The primary descriptors used in a missing person ’ s pigmentation can hazel! Isn ’ t take into account different parts of the world ’ report. Re RELATED ( sort of ) to every other person who has blue eyes, while less of it mean... Web producer, and eyes a very light appearance Albinos ( lack of melanin in a missing person ’ usually! Likely the most common eye colors are very rare what is the rarest eye color but the eye. Are the rarest eye color is the dichromatic, or illness. it ’ have! Blindness and Vision issues. violet and red, as in possessing the Mc1R.! 1 diabetes of Russia 7 rare eye colors, green or somewhere in between both eyes are common, in... Goggles advised to prevent COVID-19 spread the AAO recommends seeing an eye care professional before cosmetic... One who knows this very simple knowledge, making it the third rarest eye color the... It is very likely that green is the rarest eye color is likely the most rare eye colors may a! Just like red eyed people are just Albinos ( lack of iris ) colored. Be dangerous, American Academy of Ophthalmology warns genes are passed on from parents children. Claim to have black eyes actually have dark brown an eye care professional using.