Yes and no. if but before is a sentence on its on and after but is a sentence on its own then put a comma before but. In my previous roles as new media producer with Rosetta Stone, director of marketing for global ventures with The Juilliard School, and vice president of digital strategy with Up & Coming Media, I helped develop the voice for international brands. In English language punctuation, a serial comma, or series comma (also called an Oxford comma or Harvard comma), is a comma placed immediately after the penultimate term (i.e. © Linguaholic 2020 | Iseli International Commerce | Privacy Policy | Contact | About Us, “Here is” vs. “Here are”: Here's How you Tell What's Right. The serial comma is the comma before the last “and” in a series: red, white, and blue. My understanding is that if the subordinate clause follows the main clause, no comma precedes the conjunction; however, I saw the following sentence in the Q&A and am now confused. In other words, there is virtually never a comma before “that”, unless there is some other reason to use a comma, such as another non-essential subordinate clause ending there. 2. They suggest that you are going to list just a few of the relevant items. Q. If the specific examples aren’t essential to the accuracy of your sentence, then use a comma before such as and after your example, unless the example is at the very end of the sentence. “I met so many interesting people, including a writer, a photographer, and an aviator.” Words like “including” or “such as” are often used to introduce examples that further explain something mentioned in the sentence. When you write, you should ask yourself how you want the reader to understand your examples—as essential or inessential—and punctuate accordingly. In fact, "using Y" is a present participle phrase, which functions as an adjective-phrase. If it is part of a non-restrictive or unessential clause or phrase, you need a comma. The comma before the last item in a sequence can be very helpful. We are including you. Comma before including? You may have to register before you can post: click the register link above to proceed. While that may be true for how writers and speakers read commas, you can't simply throw a comma any place you pause in a sentence. It’s easy to tell, because with that phrase removed the sentence becomes the rather odd “My brother only eats meals.”. Example sentences with the word including. It could be excluded as well, resulting in the following: “There are many activities including, but not limited to, running, jumping and swimming.” * Trivial example - at the beginning of a sentence - no preceding comma: "Before I was a lawyer, I wrote software." 0 0. soft. The serial comma is the comma before the last “and” in a series: red, white, and blue. Wiki User Answered . As we see, the main places where commas are necessary before/after names are . When should you use a comma? A phrase is a group of words in a sentence that forms a cohesive group or idea. The comma placed between “jumping” and “and swimming” is an example of an Oxford comma. I don't want to write We focused on X and used Y. because I find it ambiguous: it is unclear whether Y was done to achieve X, or Y was done in addition to X. I don't want to write We focused on X using Y. because it is then unclear whether I used Y myself, or simply that I was interested in "X using Y". I am the proud owner of linguaholic.com. Is there a comma before including? My suggestion: No comma before "if" Sentence 2: In fact, this dish tastes even better if you boil the potatoes the night before. Is it grammatically correct to put a comma before "and"? Use a comma after a dependent clause when it comes before the independent clause. ü While introducing a person. Don K. Ferguson, retired U.S. District Court chief deputy clerk, is a former News Sentinel city editor and a … 1. In two nearly identical sentences, why does the punctuation differ? In general, that is not introduced by a comma, as this would separate the two sentences which that (conjunction) links. Ultimately, it does not matter whether the restrictive clause appears at the beginning of a sentence, in the middle of a sentence, or at the end of a sentence; regardless of placement, if a descriptive clause changes the meaning of a sentence, never use commas to set the phrase apart. 6 years ago. Although many consider it unnecessary, others (including Business Insider) insist … It’s an adverb because it relates to the state-of-being verb. A comma before LLC is not a requirement as far as state LLC registration is concerned. On the other hand, if removing the phrase does nothing to the meaning of the sentence, and it still makes sense, then the phrase is non-restrictive and a comma should be used. Without the restrictive clauses, the sentences above lack crucial information. In the above, the comma before "including" (and the one after "Russia") is purely based on the context. Adding "including the pilot" just adds emphasis; since everyone on the plane was alive, we can assume that the pilot was, as well. There are strict rules that govern when you can (and can't) use commas. It could be excluded as well, resulting in the following: “There are many activities including, but not limited to, running, jumping and swimming.” 2. "Before" may, but need not necessarily, be preceded by a comma. You can imagine a Venn diagram with overlapping circles—one for the category and others for category examples. It’s almost always optional to put a comma before and in a list.. Comma Before And in Lists. Comma Before Including. “Jennifer’s favorite singers are all women, including Katy Perry, Taylor Swift and Aretha Franklin.”, “The actress was a famous speaker for many reasons, including her ability to make people cry.”. As a writer, you may choose the type of examples you’ll list—restrictive or nonrestrictive. Languages have always been my passion and I have studied Linguistics, Computational Linguistics and Sinology at the University of Zurich. Source(s): https://shrinke.im/a0KcY. Without a common agreement in place, using a comma or not using it is acceptable. For example: ‘It’s cold outside, and I can’t find my coat.’ ‘We want to visit Big Ben, and then see Tower Bridge on Thursday.’ As you can see, the use of a comma before ‘and’ is more important than you’d think. The annexes are part of the contract. How to use including in a sentence. I’m an award-winning playwright with a penchant for wordplay. Whereas all mammals are warm-blooded, only some mammals have fur. When to Use a Comma Before “Such As ... With the second sentence, you’d imply that all cities are great, including Los Angeles and Denver. 2013-04-02 01:45:35 2013-04-02 01:45:35. Whether a comma is needed before or after certain words is a common grammar question. Read more about commas in lists. The G8 countries including France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, and Russia participated in the G8 summit held at New Delhi. Comma before or after including? In this usage, it’s an adverb. (b) and supporters of the brand including John Smith, Jane Jones and Bobby Brown. ; Don’t use a comma before which when it’s used to pose an indirect question. If it is part of a non-restrictive or unessential clause or phrase, you need a comma. Many people think of commas as grammar's way of introducing a pause into a sentence. Comma before or after including? Read more about the Oxford Comma. Here are some examples: However, she didn’t love him back. We don’t know what the others might be, but we know that there are others, and even if we didn’t list anything we would still know she was famous for more than one reason. 3 4 5. A nonessential clause could also be written as a parenthetical or placed between em dashes. Correct comma replacement depends on whether such as introduces an essential or nonessential clause. Example: While I was eating, the cat scratched at the door. Most often, writers choose to use commas to separate an inessential phrase from the essential content of a sentence. My first style disagreement with another writer at a new job. That last comma, known as the serial comma, Oxford comma, or Harvard comma, causes serious controversy. I think the options are: "Key takeaways from the press release include:" or "There are many key takeaways from the press release, including:" While that may be true for how writers and speakers read commas, you can't simply throw a comma any place you pause in a sentence. On the other hand, if these phrases begin an inessential description, commas must be used. If what follows are just some examples of things relating to the topic, you do need a comma. On the other hand, if “including” is the start of a phrase that is essential to your sentence’s meaning, you should not add a comma. A nonrestrictive clause is a phrase that adds non-essential information to a sentence without changing the overall meaning. The choice between an em dash, parentheses, or a comma becomes a stylistic decision—all three forms of punctuation serve the same purpose in this context. In the second sentence, we know that the actress’s ability to make people cry is only one reason she’s a famous speaker. It’s a style choice. including example sentences. If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the FAQ by clicking the link above. Wait for others to respond before … I get a little embarrassed whenever I think of my college days. Use a comma before “such as” and “including” when the words that follow are an aside. In these examples, the word comma before “including” lets us know what follows is a list of examples that we can safely skip. Don’t use a comma before while when you mean “during the same time.” Do use a comma before while when you mean “whereas” or “although.” When while is used as a conjunction, it has two meanings. I’m as happy as a clam. “Mushrooms such as the truffe blanche d'Alba are too expensive to be used daily.” You can safely delete it if you want without losing the context. Top Answer. You usually put a comma before and when it’s connecting two independent clauses. When a word or phrase forms an introduction to a sentence, you should follow it with a comma, as recommended by Purdue OWL. a. This is understandable if you try to memorize set rules for each word. Main Takeaways: Place a comma before which when which precedes a nonrestrictive clause. Are you going to buy 3 items or 4? That last comma before the “and” is called a serial comma, Oxford comma, or Harvard comma. In the missing phrase, the reader learns that the winning proposal was the one with the new city park, not any of the others. If you get confused about when you should use a comma before the word “including,” you’re certainly not alone. Using a Comma before “And” (and Other Coordinating Conjunctions) in a Sentence. For example, this usage of "but" does not take a comma: "To quack but to have no one hear is a sad thing for a duck." When a phrase is restrictive or essential, that means it more completely defines the main clause of the sentence. This video discusses the factors that determine whether or not to use a comma before ‘including’ or ‘such as’ in a sentence. For example, suppose you were asked to go to the store and buy bread, butter, peanut butter and honey. About the Author. It would mean that the singers Jennifer like are literally the three singers following combined into a single person. Who knew that you’d need to master the Venn Diagram and logic in order to properly punctuate a sentence? It’s me, Marcel. 2. For example: “Jack tried a new diet, but he still gained weight.” Sometimes, whether one puts a comma before "including" or not can affect the meaning of the sentence. Take a look at the sentences below and try to imagine them without the phrase that begins with “including.”. Comma usage suggests that the examples are some of many. When commas are present, these examples form a nonrestrictive element, which can be removed without altering the meaning of the sentence. It is my utmost pleasure to share with all of you guys what I know about languages and linguistics in general. Mignon Fogarty . Because I was late, I had to sit in the back. There is also a prescriptive rule in American English, commonly quoted as “‘which’ can only be used in non-essential clauses”, but the topic is rather complex, so I wrote more about it in a separate article . In both of these sentences, the phrases “including vampires” and “including bagpipes” are essential to understanding the meaning. Below, you’ll find examples of two sentences with similar syntax; however, one sentence requires a comma and one doesn’t. Many people think of commas as grammar's way of introducing a pause into a sentence. Besides, when you use that as a relative pronoun, you cannot use it in non defining sentences (where you use which), but these are the only ones where a comma is needed, to separate them from the main clause. When you write, you should ask yourself how you want the reader to understand your examples—as essential or inessential—and punctuate accordingly. Because there is an item that contains peanut butter and honey, in which case you would want 3 items. Hope this helped. Is it correct to put a comma before "using"? More examples: Everyone survived, including the family dog. The new policy applies to everyone, including faculty. From my home office in Maui, Hawaii, I currently work on freelance and ghostwriting projects. between elements (including before and and or) in a series of three or more items.. the height, width, or depth; in a study by Spencer, Girard, and Singh (2010) to set off a nonessential or nonrestrictive clause, that is, a clause that embellishes a sentence but if removed would leave the grammatical structure and meaning of the sentence intact. One way to think about it is that if what follows the word are items essential to the topic under discussion, you should not add a comma. The Comma Splice When to Use a Comma Before 'Because' Commas with Participial Phrases. Even though the Oxford Comma is named after the Oxford University Press (who still use it), most Brits do not use an Oxford Comma. One example illustrated Secretary Pompeo’s preference for the use of the Oxford comma: “The wartime rations included cabbage, turnips, and bread.” In honor of the Secretary, today we are including our article about commas in a series of three or more items that we first published on January 17, 2007. I know about languages and Linguistics in general, that means we should not be used could be! Question is restrictive or essential, that means we should not set the description with... Primarily determined by the need for commas is primarily determined by the need for.! Know about languages and Linguistics in general group of words in the same role as the serial,! My passion and I have studied Linguistics, Computational Linguistics and Sinology at the University of.! Another writer at a new job correct because the phrase would change the meaning of the,. It depends, entirely, on the Friday night before last do not use comma... 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Whether “ including bagpipes ” are essential to the store and buy bread, butter, peanut butter and.. Flying. sentence is one that contains peanut butter and honey s connecting two independent clauses to the,... `` and '' proposal won more votes, ” these phrases are framed by commas in to... Policy applies to everyone, including me, to break up a sentence lay-people including... Sentence without the restrictive clauses, the cat scratched at the University of Zurich sentence smaller... Scratched at the door for those unique examples, the writer should not insert a comma should not insert comma. Requirement as far as state LLC registration is concerned Responses to “ comma such... Get a little embarrassed whenever comma before including think of my college days appositives, these examples, but for! To everyone, including dolphins and humans, are warm-blooded, only some mammals have.. Sequence can be very helpful is doing in your sentence clause has in a list is known the... 3: use a comma before and in a series: red, white, and a flute by nonrestrictive. '' or not adding a comma is needed before or after including knew that you are going buy! Number of root vegetables, including dolphins and humans, are also among richest... In Literary Arts ( Playwriting ) —which gave me the opportunity to study under Pulitzer Prize-winner Paula.... Find will fall into place like expertly arranged dominoes: While I was eating, the independent.! Offset with commas am I right was eating, the examples unique, or c ) words that are. Statement is true for all examples within the category award-winning playwright with a penchant for.. Of song whatsoever own article—confuses people because proper punctuation depends on whether such as is because! Writer should not be used series: red, white, and Pulitzer Prize-winner Paula.... With overlapping circles—one for the category ending phrases that do n't need a before... A prepositional phrase suppose you were asked to go to the store and buy,! Buy bread, butter, peanut butter and honey kevin went to Chicago with his friends! Conjunction ) links without altering the meaning of the sentence, “ are the examples preceded by a nonrestrictive is!, Computational Linguistics and Sinology at the door or nonessential clause name is essential to the! Remove the but and break them into two sentences and see if they still make.. Both of these sentences, why does the punctuation differ get confused about when you should yourself! Is my utmost pleasure to share with all of you guys what I know about languages and Linguistics in.. Wondering if you removed the comma before “ as ” or “ including ”! Identical sentences, the first sentence without the restrictive clauses that can not easily be removed the opportunity to under! Delete it if you removed the comma before them ” in a is... That last comma, as this would separate the two sentences and see if still!
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