The average length of an adult is 118 mm (4.6 in). Ecology: In contradiction to the common name “bog lemming”, Synaptomys cooperi found in the Great Lakes region occupy mostly grassy meadows. Define southern bog lemming. In Canadian parts of its range, S. cooperi can be found in deciduous and coniferous forests. Southern bog lemmings are covered with thick, brownish fur on their backs that ranges in color from reddish to dark brown and have a grizzled appearance. Buckner, C.H. Their dor­sal pelage ranges in color from a chest­nut to dark brown and has a griz­zled ap­pear­ance. The feet are brownish … Southern bog lemmings are found in eastern North America, from southern Quebec and Manitoba in Canada to western Minnesota, to southwestern Kansas, and east to the Atlantic Coast of the United States. The range of these animals is thought to be declining in some areas due to loss of wetland habitat. Pp 161-248. La musaraigne pygmée et le campagnol- lemming de Cooper sont des espèces susceptibles d'être désignées menacées ou vulnérables au Québec. generally considered well dispersed but uncommon within its restricted range. Linzey, A.V. Sometimes it uses tunnels made by other animals. It grows to an average length of 4 inches and an average weight of just over an ounce. Unlike the southern bog lemming, the northern species has rusty-tipped fur at the base of the ears. 1957. The extremely short tail, boggy habitat, and diurnal behavior lead me to believe that this may be a Southern Bog Lemming. They look a great deal like a meadow vole with brown fur and a stocky body. Southern bog lemmings have four toes and one small, nailed thumb on the forefeet and five toes on the hind feet. These animals are often found in small colonies. [6], Southern bog lemmings are thought to communicate using scent marking. DESCRIPTION: The Southern Bog Lemming is a small, chunky rodent with small eyes and ears that are nearly concealed in the long, loose, shaggy fur. Southern bog lemmings can live over two years in captivity, but rarely live more than one year in the wild (Kurta 1995). Summer nests are on the surface of the ground or in a clump of sedges or grasses, but winter nests are usually underground in an enlarged tunnel. Although in some parts of the range the southern bog lemming actually lives in bogs, in the Adirondacks where it is known from an elevational range of 244-1341 m (800-4400 ft), this small mammal is more common in deciduous and mixed coniferous- deciduous forests. 1959. Reproduction: Breeding may occur during any month of the year, but at this latitude is unlikely during the winter. The lemmings spend the winter searching for bulbs and shoots that are often buried beneath the snow. The southern bog lemming is active throughout the year. Moles, however, have greatly enlarged front feet with prominent digging claws. The shallow tunnels it makes appear as small ridges, and resemble mole runs. Southern Bog Lemming, taken at Animal Humane under controlled conditions – kaufen Sie dieses Foto und finden Sie ähnliche Bilder auf Adobe Stock Weight varies from 21-33 g (0.7-1.2 oz). Encompassing over 15,000 acres of Adirondacks wildlands, ESF's Newcomb Campus offers incomparible opportunities for visiting, learning and research. (The droppings of other small mammals are black or brown, and other voles also cut green vegetation, they do not gather and transport this material in the large quantities typical of bog lemmings). Raspberries, blueberries, and other fruits, insects, fungi, and bark form a lesser part of the diet. They make runways through the surface vegetation and also dig burrows. лемминговая мышь Купера (Synaptomys cooperi) * * * лемминговая мышь Купера 1 Forestry Drive Summer nests are on the surface of the ground or in a clump of sedges or grasses but winter nests are usually underground in an enlarged tunnel. Also, female northern bog lemmings have eight mammae (milk-secreting organ of females), while southern bog lemmings only have six. Syracuse, NY 13210 The northern bog lemming is a small rodent related to gerbils and hamsters, two common house pets. Newcomb is the yearround home to three major centers of study and public education: ESF Fresh vegetation, especially the leaves, stems, seeds heads, and roots of grasses and sedges is the main food of this species. 315-470-6500 Females bear multiple litters of 1-8 (average 3) young. They cache grasses and sedge stems in underground chambers. Ecology. What are synonyms for southern bog lemming? The southern bog lemming (Synaptomys cooperi) is a small North American lemming. Its range overlaps with the other species in genus Synaptomys, the northern bog lemming, in southeastern Canada, but extends further south. The southern bog lemming is more closely related to the voles than to the true lemmings that inhabit higher latitudes. Comm.). The belly is silver-gray. They are weaned at 3 weeks. Their eyes open at 10-11 days, and they are weaned at 21 days. Most individuals breed before they reach their maximum size. Predators: The raccoon, coyote, red fox, ermine, long-tailed weasel, hawks, and owls are some of the predators of the southern bog lemming. The grassy openings and edges of these forests, especially where sedges, ferns, and shrubs grow and when the soil is loose and crumbly, are habitats the bog lemming prefers. Bog lemmings have a groove along the outer edge of each incisor, which similar-looking species of voles do not have. Publication of the Museum of Michigan State University Biology Service. The shallow-grooved upper incisors and a relatively shorter tail distinguish this species from other rodents. Noun 1. southern bog lemming - of low bogs and meadows of northeastern and central United States and southern Canada Synaptomys cooperi lemming - any of... Southern bog lemming - definition of southern bog … The bog lemming Synaptomys cooperi in southern New Jersey. Southern bog lemmings are found in eastern North America, from southern Quebec and Manitoba in Canada to western Minnesota, to southwestern Kansas, and east to the Atlantic coast of the United States. People Search (Faculty, Staff, Grad Students). Shrews have long, pointed snouts and pointed front teeth. They are 13 cm (5.1 in) long with a 2 cm (0.79 in) tail and weigh about 35 g (1.2 oz). Southern Bog Lemming Southern Bog Lemmings are found throughout Connecticut, but are elusive and rarely seen. This species is more common in deciduous and mixed coniferous –deciduous forests. Individuals are most active during the night, but may move about during the day, too. It will cache food for later consumption. Its range overlaps with the other species in genus Synaptomys, the northern bog lemming, in southeastern Canada, but extends further south. Privacy Policy | Information | Webmaster, A campus of the State University of New York Mammalian species, 210:1-5. In Minn… The underside is grayish white or grayish cream. They are very small with a short tail and small eyes. Lemmings do not hibernate and instead endure the tough Arctic winters, with the lemming having special protection from the cold from its thick fur. At birth, the pups are blind and without fur. The fur on the back ranges in color from a reddish to dark brown and has a grizzled appearance. If a dead specimen is found, then a groove down the center of each incisor can be seen which helps distinguish this species. The two species of bog lemmings are so similar in appearance that they can only be separated by number of mammae and tooth structure (female S. borealis have 8 mammae; female S. cooperi have 6). Notes: The Southern Bog Lemming could be the mouse you catch in your house. Synaptomys cooperi. Two subspecies have become extinct: Kansas bog lemming (S. c. paludis), and Nebraska bog lemming (S. c. 1. of low bogs and meadows of northeastern and central United States and southern Canada Range and Habitat: The southern bog lemming is resident of a large part of eastern North America, and its range extends from southeastern Manitoba to southwestern Kansas, east to the Atlantic. Does the Muskrat poop in the lodge? Vegetation surrounding springs, damp to wet grasslands, and marshes are their favored habitat. You can now reach the directory through your Faculty/Staff or MyESF student portal. Southern Bog Lemmings are colonial and inhabit communities of thick matted ground cover with high overhead vegetation in both forest and grassland, but are not restricted to bogs. In contradiction to the common name “bog lemming”, Synaptomys cooperi found in the Great Lakes region occupy mostly grassy meadows. The ESF Employee Directory was moved to improve information security for campus contact information. 1 synonym for southern bog lemming: Synaptomys cooperi. This lemming is associated with bog, fen, marsh and wet meadow conditions throughout its range (Whitaker and Hamilton 1998). The young are born in a nest in a burrow or concealed in vegetation. The southern bog lemming is more closely related to the voles than to the true lemmings that inhabit higher latitudes. Some people confuse voles with moles and shrews. The northern part of the Adirondack Park is on the extreme southern boundary of the range of the northern bog lemming, but is probably more widespread in this area than the few records suggest. They open their eyes at about 12 days of age. Southern Bog Lemmings have grooves down their front teeth that the voles lack and have shorter tails 3/4 to … In the conterminous United States, it is found near the Canadian border in Washington, Idaho, Montana, North Dakota, Minnesota, New Hampshire, and Maine. Similar species: The southern bog lemming (Synaptomys cooperi), found nearly statewide, has a groove running down the outer edge of each upper incisor tooth. The upper incisors are longitudinally grooved.The upper parts are mixed black, gray, and yellowish brown, giving a grizzled cinnamon brown appearance. Its tail is about as long as the hind foot. Despite its extensive distribution, the northern bog lemming is unpredictable in occurrence and nowhere is it considered common (Banfield 1974). Other methods of communication include acoustic, chemical, visual, and tactile.[5]. They do not hibernate, and live in groups of a few to several dozen individuals. They are active year-round, mainly at night. 500. 500. It has brown and grey fur and a short stubby tail. Lemming populations go through a 3- or 4-year cycle of boom and bust. 1983. Order: Rodentia They also have claws at birth. Two species of bog lemmings, the northern and southern (S. cooperi), live in Maine. Although there are several older records of the northern bog lemming, the only recent verified one is of a specimen taken near Whiteface Mountain (James Lackey, pers. Two species of bog lemmings occur in the Adirondacks. The mountain race is localized and uncommon in North Carolina. Category Pets & Animals; Show more Show less. Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. Bog lemmings sever grass and sedge stems in 2.5-7.5 cm (1-3 in) sections and cache them in underground chambers. [5] Female lemmings have two or three litters of four to six young in a year. Journal of Mammalogy, 38:132. The Southern Bog Lemming travels in tunnels that are only 6 inches under the ground. Grooved upper incisors and a relatively shorter tail, 17-21 mm (0.75 in), which is about the same size as the hind foot, distinguish this species from the other Adirondack voles. It is an herbivore adapted to eating coarse vegetation, grasses, sedges, mushrooms, berries and occasionally insects. The Muskrat keeps his lodge clean! We found 10 dictionaries with English definitions that include the word southern bog lemming: Click on the first link on a line below to go directly to a page where "southern bog lemming" is defined. Tooth structures must be examined under magnification to confirm identification of the two species. Connor, P.F. The northern bog lemming ranges across much of boreal North America from the southern two-thirds of Alaska south into northern Washington and east across Canada to the Atlantic coast. These animals are found in mixed forests, wetlands, and grasslands.[4]. Male southern bog lemmings reach sexual maturity in 5 weeks. southern bog lemming (n.). Southern Bog Lemmings feed on the tender succulent parts of herbaceous plants and will occasionally eat mosses, fungi, bark, roots and some invertebrates (Linzey 1983). Wherever the bog lemming lives, it creates a maze of interconnecting tunnels and runways 2.5-5 cm (1-2 in) wide, and builds nests 15-20 cm (6-8 in) in diameter from plant fibers. Übersetzung Deutsch-Polnisch für southern Bóg Lemming im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! relictus). Southern bog lemmings are small voles, weighing 20 to 50 g (average 35 g) and measuring 110 to 140 mm in total length. lemming de Cooper The pygmy shrew and the southern bog lemming are species likely to be designated as threatened or vulnerable in Quebec. He will NOT poop in it! Übersetzung Deutsch-Polnisch für southern bog Lemming im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Age at first breeding is unknown. Southern bog lemming - WikiMili, The Free Encyclopedia - WikiMili, The Free Enc Females have six teats, which distinguishes this species from its closest relative, northern bog lemmings, which have eight. Breeding may occur during any time of the year if food is plentiful. They also make squeaking vocalizations. Family: Cricetidae. Vegetation surrounding springs, damp to wet grasslands, and marshes are their favored habitat. Grooved upper incisors and a relatively shorter tail, 17-21 mm (0.75 in), which is about the same size as the hind foot, distinguish this species from the other Adirondack voles. Food and Feeding Behavior:  The bright green droppings, bunches of leaf blades, and piles of cut stems that litter the bog lemming’s runways offer clues to the presence and diet of this small rodent. The life history of the northern bog lemming is similar to the account that follows, and is not treated separately. [2] They have relatively large heads and small eyes. [citation needed], Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Taxonomic status and biogeography of the southern bog lemming, synaptomys cooperi, on the central great plains", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Southern_bog_lemming&oldid=987130359, Fauna of the Great Lakes region (North America), Fauna of the Plains-Midwest (United States), Articles needing additional references from February 2010, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 November 2020, at 02:58. In Tennessee, and marshes are their favored habitat runways through the surface vegetation also... Through your Faculty/Staff or MyESF student portal species in genus Synaptomys, the northern bog.... Vegetation surrounding springs, damp to wet grasslands, and grasslands. [ 5 ] closely related to the than! 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