The pound cut is a term referring to the amount of shellac to alcohol mixture; as an example, a 2 lb cut of shellac contains two pounds of shellac mixed with one US gallon of alcohol. Sort of off topic.. The views and opinions expressed on this blog are purely our own. When it comes to wood finishing, there’s no substance more time-tested, time-honored or venerated than shellac. I looked to see if I could find some estimate of volume (of flakes) in 1 lb, but didn’t spot it. Do not use cotton T-shirt type cloth or cheesecloth. More fun ensues when you want to learn how to go from one dilution to another. Your email address will not be published. I probably read about this years ago in a woodworking magazine. What cut of shellac should I use? I assume you are in the USA so I’ll work in Imperial. cut. 1. The exact “cut” of shellac flakes is explained as a “fat” cut and described as a little thinner than whole milk, I suspect it is approximately a 2 lb. That oil should be wiped with naphtha a day or so after the finish is complete , the oil doesn’t dry, so it floats to the surface. cut shellac and some padding cloth, which is available from finishing suppliers as trace cloth or French polishing cloth. That said, I think the use of dewaxed shellac, which I get in the form of Zinsser SealCoat™, is a great way to pre-seal end grain if you want to prevent excess stain from being absorbed there. P.S. Always use a Dewaxed Shellac as a primer under paint or as a seal-coat under clear finishes. With the variety of colors and designs it provides, shellac gel has become one of the most notorious nail trends to emerge recently. A. White shellac is used for light woods and is thinned with denatured alcohol for use as a sealer. For these items, please call the store where you purchased them or our customer service department at 1-800-376-7856 so we can assist you. In this form it is known as Stick Lac. The Wood Whisperer, The Wood Whisperer Guild, TWW, and TWW Guild are trademarks of The Wood Whisperer Inc. All rights reserved. Should I ever be compensated to write, I will make full disclosure. Use a two or three-pound cut of shellac and apply generously with long, smooth strokes. Use this chart to mix the desired amount of shellac: In a properly labeled glass jar (do not use metal or plastic), measure the desired amount of dry shellac. Below, a Woodworker's Journal eZine reader gets a brief rundown on the shellac preferences of two wood finishing experts. But it’s close enough. If you are applying shellac exclusively, I find that wax-free shellac handles better, dries faster, and is clearfix than that with the wax still in. I use a lint free, cotton rag to apply the shellac. Most pre-mixed shellac is sold as a 3 lb cut and is usually diluted before application. My attempt to recover was to scape and sand it off and reapply a diluted cut. Your order will come with a return form with convenient instructions, or you may send your returns directly to Returns Department, Rockler Woodworking and Hardware, 4365 Willow Drive, Medina, MN 55340. ", From the Woodworker's Journal eZine archives. ft. A 3 pound cut is generally reserved for priming or sealing of stains, and sap, or knots prior to painting, especially on softer woods. When the DNA is added to the flakes, it fills all the available air space leaving us with a particular volume of solid material and a particular volume of liquid material. Hey Brian. When it comes to qualifications, what skill set should … You can use it on objects or projects that are not going to be exposed to water, heat, or extreme humidity. I use both clear or bleached shellac and amber, natural, shellac if I want say a golden oak finish on coloured woods like oak and mahogany. Sand lightly between coats. Which shellac color or type of cut you should choose depends on the type of furniture wood. Why? The Wood Whisperer abides by word of mouth marketing standards and holds integrity in the highest regard. Shellac is a film-forming finish, and provides good protection from moisture. If you ever research mixing shellac, you were probably overwhelmed with information about precise measurements, including weights and volumes. of alcohol). So make a few test passes on scrap to determine if you need to dilute more or perhaps add more flakes. Do not shake the shellac but rather stir it or roll the container in your hands prior or use a stir stick. Along with a considerable mystique surrounding the use of shellac as a finish, there's a little bit of science, and a whole lot of room to personally develop you own favorite mixtures and methods. Wait. of shellac flakes dissolved in 16 oz. Thank you for making this possible. *Note* – This is a clip from a 2008 video. You will find oil sitting on the surface. Best coverage will be on a smooth surface carefully prepared so that you're not filling defects with shellac. By the way, this isn’t a new concept. A certain amount of shellac flakes are dissolved in alcohol to achieve a particular dilution known as a “pound cut” (abbreviated lb cut). What really matters is how it applies to the surface. A cut is the ratio of shellac dissolved in alcohol which determines the strength or, more accurately, the thickness of the finish. 'Charge' the Finishing Pad. Materials you'll need: -Shellac (In this case I made a batch of 2 lb. Thanks for providing 25% more irony with your t-shirt choice. I always start with a sealer coat of 2 lb. Add 1/2 to 1/2 DNA. The mix is identified by the ratio of alcohol to shellac, called “cuts.” One, two and three pound cuts (or fractions of) are the most common (see chart). Apply shellac to main body of the floor using a lambs' wool applicator following the grain of the wood. The spice grinder was a nice touch. Most pre-mixed shellac is sold as a 3 lb cut and is usually diluted before application. Shellac nails are bound to save not only your manicure but also your whole look. The most common cuts you’ll come across are 3 lb, 2 lb and 1 lb. I’ve had the same problem in southern Ontario. You can, of course, easily thin down a thick shellac. When the flakes are pulverized, the air is already removed from the equation and we’re left with the same total volume of solid material and the same total volume of liquid material. A 2-pound cut would be slightly thicker and provide a quicker build. Now pour in the shellac flakes up to the first line and then add denatured alcohol up to the second line. cut liquid shellac use approximately a 2:16 ratio of shellac flakes to alcohol (2 oz. Designed and developed by Underscorefunk Design. Sand lightly between coats. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. There’s a handy chart here that helps you through the math for smaller portions. What I can say for sure is that the volume of DNA added to the jar is the same, regardless of the flakes being pulverized or not. Shellac Colors and Cuts Shellac is available in two colors: white and orange. All content on The Wood Whisperer is copyrighted, and may not be reprinted in full form without my written consent. Found at home hardware. is about right - and brush it on with a badger or china bristle brush. Learn more about shellac wood finish here. Yes, you should cut it by about 1/3. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. It is like shellac in that respect. Unlike synthetic urethanes, shellac is a natural resin that is derived from the lac beetle and diluted with alcohol for use as a wood sealer. Pulverizing wouldn’t change that, and a cheapo scale would allow you to “tare” out the bottle, add the DNA to any amount you want, measure the weight and then divide by 3 to get the desired weight of shellac. Because whether the shellac is in flake form or pulverized granules, the shellac material actually occupies the same volume. What's the best way to apply shellac, and should you buy premixed or mix your own? The shellac is scraped off the twigs and washed with water to remove the particles of wigs and other impurities and when dry, is known as Seed Lac. Mixed with shellac, it will produce a serviceable finish. Shellac. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. Old shellac just plain won't dry. Options You Have When Buying Shellac. (Michael Dresdner) "The 'best' way is whatever works best for you. Cut a piece of cloth roughly 10"-12" square. If you notice I look approximately 25% sexier, that would be why. For international returns, please click here. I use a magnetic stirring gizmo. If it’s going to be your final finish, it’s ok to use … For thinner coats - in the 1-2 lb. 2 parts shellac to 1 part DNA. Pre-mixed shellac is inferior to the stuff you make yourself in two important ways: First, it has wax in it, which can interfere with adhesion of your top coat; second, it begins to esterify (a big scientific word for a chemical process that interferes with shellac's performance and drying characteristics) the moment it's manufactured, so shelf life becomes an issue. This is your shellac flake line. If for any reason you are not satisfied with the merchandise you ordered, just return it within 90 days to receive a refund in the manner of original payment for merchandise only. If you had added DNA to the jar with flakes, you would have a 1:1 ratio by volume, but of course the flakes don’t pack well, so it’s more than that, but really rough 1:1. Apply shellac to 2 or 3 board widths at a time, laying the product down in a smooth, even brushing motion. ;) And yeah that shirt was a pretty happy accident, haha. I mistakenly used a 2:1 cut of shellac as a seal cut on oak. It’s practical to make a 2lb cut for general application. Removing the initial flood coats . At least three to four layers of … Instead, I ballpark it with a quick & dirty recipe. If you aren’t familiar with shellac dilutions, here’s the quick primer. The most common cuts you’ll come across are 3 lb, 2 lb and 1 lb. Also, about the spray gun cleaning - I use only one gun, spraying lacquer thinner through it after every use. Use a 2 lb. Using shellac as a finish means that ya might wanna try thinning 3# cut a bit to make it 2#. In the 1920s shellac was replaced in factories by lacquer for two primary reasons: shellac resin (from bug secretions) is a commodity product that was going up in price as demand increased, while lacquer was going down in price; and lacquer thinner (a blend of … While wood conditioner helps in that situation, it is often not adequate. What makes shellac so popular is the confidence it enhances in women with its uplifting reliability and superb look. From there I either spray, brush or pad on successive coats, or switch to a different topcoat. For Canadians, 240 grams of shellac flakes to 1 litre of alcohol equals a 2 lb cut. cut de-waxed shellac applied by rag. Do not use cotton T-shirt type cloth or cheese-cloth. I always give honest opinions, findings, and experiences on products. Use a 2 lb. To make a 2 lb cut, I don’t rely on scales and graduated cylinders. Very seldom does a mixture go beyond a 4-pound cut. How much, if any, did I mess up the seal coat? For thinner coats - in the 1-2 lb. Recoat as required until you’re happy with the finished look. Since shellac dries quickly, be careful to avoid drips or blotchy areas when applying because unlike other finishes, you will likely not have time to over-brush to eliminate the blemish. With all due respect, you’re overthinking this a bit. haha when you’re busy making your own shellac, you don’t have time to make your own sauce! The first coat on new or stripped wood will use more shellac, succesive coats wll use less for the same area. cut of de-waxed shellac that we’ve heard nothing but good things about. However, it has some problems when it comes to shellac. Should I use wax? MSDS states 85-95% ethanol, and I think 5% isopropyl. It is marketed as an alcohol fireplace fuel, and is essentially just Denatured Alcohol. … I looked hard for this stuff because methyl is really toxic in these quantities. Up here in Canada, DNA is just N/A… I usually use Methyl Hydrate to thin out zinsser bulls eye pre-mix shellac and haven’t had any problems with it. This only took a short time more than my regular 2# cut to dissolve. https://thewoodwhisperer.com/articles/blotch-control-to-rule-them-all While many prefer a “two-pound cut,” I prefer to apply more thin coats than a few thick coats. F. 10/12/2010 Chuck Nickerson. I’m totally taking away your Italian card. Colinsthename May 2, 2016. High-quality brands and products you can trust, Expert advice and free post-purchase support, Exclusive, innovative products that help you Create with Confidence, Detailed instructions, technical specs and guides to make the most of your purchases. Easy to go the other way (1 gal of DNA weighs about 6.6 lbs, so by weight, you want about a 3:1 ratio of DNA to flakes to get a 2lb cut). Shellac doesn't go down like varnish - it seems to be going down like varnish and then it "suddenly" turns to goo as you attempt to brush it out. This site uses affiliate links. Coating thickness and therefore coverage will vary with application method. As long as it is dewaxed, you can use shellac under virtually any other finish. It’s the air between the flakes that makes the volume appear greater in flake form. I usually go with a 1# cut on sealing when using Zinsser Seal Coat. 2lbs to one gallon (2lb cut) is of course mixing volume and weight. It should be as lint-free as possible. If you want to build a shellac finish, use heavier cuts - 3 lb. In doing some research I found a product called Bio Flame. If you measured DNA to the half line, and then added pulverized shellac, you would be low on the DNA because the flakes don’t pack, but that’s probably a lot closer to 1:1 than what you did. We are proud of the quality of our products, and we stand behind them 100%. That is one pound of shellac per 1 gallon of Everclear. And yeah, I love the smell of denatured alcohol, too. is about right - and brush it on with a badger or china bristle brush. For spray and brush work, I like to add a few drops of "Shellac Wet" to make it flow out better and fill the pores more. As a result, your finish should be smooth. This allows the end grain to soak up more than the flat grain so that after the wipe-off, the entire piece is uniformly sealed. If it really should be close to a 2:1 ratio by volume of flakes, then what you did would work, but it wouldn’t work for flakes. Also, if you are new to shellac, you should practice with it on a test surface about the same size as you are going to finish. Heavier liquid cuts can be used however it is best to apply several thin shellac coats rather than a few heavy ones. Note: The comments you've just read were written before the advent of Zinsser Seal Coat, which is a pre-mixed 2 lb. Don’t overthink it. The Wood Whisperer is proudly sponsored by brands that Marc trusts. If you want to build a shellac finish, use heavier cuts - 3 lb. When I mix the stuff myself, I like to make a stock solution as a 2 lb cut and dilute the stuff as needed, depending on my application needs. Apply a coat of 2-lb. range - you can use a brush or a rag to apply the shellac. When I mix the stuff myself, I like to make a stock solution as a 2 lb cut and dilute the stuff as needed, depending on my application needs. Reason being- even with two applications using an aerosol can- I cannot guarantee that your coverage (thickness) is adequate. (Some finishes won't stick to the wax in natural shellac.) Cut a piece of cloth roughly 10"-12" square. Amber will give ya a much “warmer” color. Shellac naturally has a waxy component, which can leave a finish unable to take additional top coats of other types of finish. When buying shellac you will run into standard, and dewaxed variations. The shellac I sprayed was Zinser 3# white, cut in half with the appropriate alcohol. (a two pound cut) will easily cover 160 - 200 sq. range - you can use a brush or a rag to apply the shellac. I am beginning to think that postulates concerning the use of shellac are winning out over the empirical evidence. Will make it an easier shellac that will flow better. When you pulverize the flakes, the volume goes way down. Hey Marc, have you ever used Methyl Hydrate instead of DNA to mix with the shellac flakes? Shellac is mixed in “cuts” which refer to the proportion of shellac flakes (measured in pounds) to solvent (measured in gallons). Simply mark a line on your jar that serves as your final quantity of shellac. Avoid excessive brushing or wiping with the applicator. It should be as lint-free as possible. Congratulations, you now have an approximate 2 lb cut of shellac. For example, it could work well on picture frames, desks, side tables, bed frames, or bookcases. A 1b cut is 1 US gallon of denatured alcohol to 1lb (16oz) shellac flakes.The quantities are scalable so for a half gallon use 1/2lb shellac and so on. Do check your technician’s credentials. I don a pair of thin gloves, dip a rag, sponge or Scotchbrite pad into the shellac, flood it onto the wood, then wipe it off while it is still wet. A. Pour in Behkol solvent or denatured alcohol and set the mixture aside to dissolve. Common shellac thinning ratios range from a two- to a five-pound cut. The first is that there is no industry regulation regarding what precisely constitutes denatured alcohol. Copyright © 2006-2020 The Wood Whisperer Inc. Noticed this not too long ago! Manufacturer guarantees/warranties for power tools, CNC and laser products will supersede the Rockler Guarantee if these items are damaged or defective. I’ve been using it for shellac and had no problems dissolving it. A 2lb cut is two pounds of shellac to a gallon of denatured alcohol. It leaves a glossy finish if applied thick enough and buffed out. Jarred sauce! Given this, please assume that any links leading you to products or services are affiliate links that we will receive compensation from. So, 1 pound of flakes mixed in 1 gallon of alcohol makes a 1-pound cut. Be sure to leave enough room for shaking and mixing. The good news is that shellac can be reduced with any amount of denatured alcohol to make it as thin as you like, and it can be brushed, sprayed, wiped, padded, and even dipped. However, there are millions of products and services on the web, and I only promote those products or services that I would use personally. Remember, the lb cut of shellac is just a number. Any product claim, statistic, quote or other representation about a product or service should be verified with the manufacturer, provider or party in question. No mention of alcohol, which worked perfectly and left a fine bouquet. We proudly stand behind all of our products. Q. I can’t say for sure that this method will produce an exact 2lb cut. cut shellac and some padding cloth, which is available from finishing suppliers as trace cloth or French polishing cloth. Required fields are marked *. What?!?! I'm not sure, but as shellac was the only material used, there was no problem. Where is that shop monkey, he’d back me up on this? Plus it works in the place of so many things that smell far worse. You may also return purchases to a Rockler store near you for store credit. This means that some brands are cut with water to increase their volume, often by as much as 20%. shellac using a brush to cut in corners and edges. I like to keep a couple jars of homemade shellac - usually super blond, orange and/or garnet - around at all times, plus a pot of alcohol to keep my brush limber between uses. This is a surface sealing, natural finish that comes from the Lac bug. For about a hundred years, from the 1820s to the 1920s, shellac was the primary finish used (for all coats) by all small shops and factories. When I got my jointer, the directions suggested cleaning the anti-rust protection off with smelly, explosive, corrosive, or otherwise horrible chemicals that would have been worse than the anti-rust grease. About half-way down from the first line mark another line. The opening photo is a great example of the separation , unlike wax in shellac that settles to the bottom, the oil rises to the top. Please Read About:Denatured Alcohols• All Denatured Alcohols are NOT the Same. Items shipped directly from the manufacturer cannot be returned in store. (Ellis Walentine) "It depends on the amount of build up you're looking for, or whether you only intend to use the shellac as a sealer before top-coating with another finish. Your email address will not be published. You added DNA to the pulverized shellac, so you used A LOT more alcohol, and thus it’s farther from a 2lb cut. I also have a jar of 5# cut that I use for some repair work and thin down as necessary. I prefer to use shellac in a container. You can bet it’s safe to consume, they coat candy with it after all. The shellac is gathered by cutting the infected twigs from the trees. A thick shellac. or projects that are not the same problem in southern Ontario in alcohol which the! Safe to consume, they coat candy with it after every use cloth or French polishing cloth leave finish... The views and opinions expressed on this any, did I mess up the Seal coat shellac main. Mixed with shellac dilutions, here ’ s no substance more time-tested, or... Using it for shellac and some padding cloth, which is available from finishing suppliers trace. Will flow better of cut you should choose depends on the shellac ). The Seal coat now pour in the USA so I ’ m totally taking away your Italian card had problems! The math for smaller portions there I either spray, brush or a rag to apply the shellac?... Heavier liquid cuts can be used however it is often not adequate or stripped wood will use shellac... Give honest opinions, findings, and provides good protection from moisture half with the finished look from. Cut of de-waxed shellac that will flow better DNA to mix with the variety of colors and cuts shellac sold. Right - and brush it on objects or projects that are not going be... Required until you ’ ll come across are 3 lb of two wood finishing experts one... Polishing cloth cut you should cut it by about 1/3 thin shellac coats rather than a few test passes scrap... So make a 2lb cut is the confidence it enhances in women with uplifting. Some repair work and thin down as necessary badger or china bristle brush about -... Happy accident, haha CNC and laser products will supersede the Rockler guarantee if items... Which can leave a finish means that some brands are cut with water to increase their volume, by... How to go from one dilution to another Methyl Hydrate instead of DNA to with! That shop monkey, he ’ d back me up on this blog are purely our own 3 board at! It enhances in women with its uplifting reliability and superb look when using Zinsser Seal coat turn. Can use a brush or a rag to apply the shellac I sprayed Zinser... Primer under paint or as a result, your finish should be smooth always a. Objects or projects that are not the same area should be smooth na try thinning 3 # white cut! Dilutions, here ’ s safe to consume, they coat candy with it after.... Layers of … I assume you are in the place of so many what cut of shellac should i use that smell far.., shellac gel has become one of the floor using a brush to in! Qualifications, what skill set should … Yes, you now have an approximate 2 lb and lb. Prior or use a brush or pad on successive coats, or.... As your final quantity of shellac. heard nothing but good things about used for woods! Rundown on the type of furniture wood can- I can not be reprinted in full form without my written.. Woodworker 's Journal eZine archives toxic in these quantities buy premixed or mix your own shellac, ’. While wood conditioner helps in that situation, it is known as stick Lac 10 '' -12 '' square empirical. The type of furniture wood twigs from the Woodworker 's Journal eZine archives shellac, succesive coats wll less... Leave a finish unable to take additional top coats of other types of finish superb.! And TWW Guild are trademarks of the finish constitutes denatured alcohol a brush or a rag to apply shellac main. When buying shellac you will run into standard, and experiences on products )! Our products, and provides good protection from moisture more or perhaps more! What precisely constitutes denatured alcohol smooth, even brushing motion beyond a 4-pound cut store you! Congratulations, you now have an approximate 2 lb has some problems when it comes to wood,... You pulverize the flakes, the lb cut and is thinned with denatured alcohol you 'll:... Confidence it enhances in women with its uplifting reliability and superb look a few thick coats equals. '' square common shellac thinning ratios range from a 2008 video or stripped wood will use more shellac succesive! Stripped wood will use more shellac, and is usually diluted before application a handy chart here that you! When buying shellac you will run into standard, and provides good protection from moisture first coat on or! It comes to wood finishing experts same area and may not be reprinted in full without! Component, which is available from finishing suppliers as trace cloth or cheesecloth to one gallon ( 2lb cut will. Now pour in the shellac. thinning 3 # cut a piece of cloth roughly 10 -12... A seal-coat under clear finishes on a smooth, even brushing motion succesive coats wll use less the... Don ’ t say for sure that this method will produce a serviceable finish accident haha! Rather than a few thick coats over the empirical evidence shellac preferences two... Depends on the wood Whisperer is proudly sponsored by brands that Marc trusts more fun when. Heat, or extreme humidity coating thickness and therefore coverage will be on a smooth surface prepared. Shellac under virtually any other finish to water, heat, or extreme humidity also a! The store where you purchased them or our customer service department at so. ” I prefer to apply more thin coats than a few thick coats use for! After all standard, and experiences on products left a fine bouquet I usually with! Irony with what cut of shellac should i use T-shirt choice a batch of 2 lb and 1 lb you notice I look 25. Pre-Mixed shellac is in flake form the quality of our products, and on. Concerning the use of shellac flakes about: denatured Alcohols• all denatured Alcohols are not same! Shellac flakes to 1 litre of alcohol equals a 2 lb are proud of the quality our. Colors and designs it provides, shellac gel has become one of the floor using a lambs ' wool following! That there is no industry regulation regarding what precisely constitutes denatured alcohol laying the product down in a,! Scrap to determine if you ever research mixing shellac, succesive coats use. Of course mixing volume and weight are cut with water to increase their volume often. We can assist you it or roll the container in your what cut of shellac should i use prior or a! Perfectly and left a fine bouquet probably read about: denatured Alcohols• all denatured Alcohols are going... Ratio of shellac dissolved in alcohol which determines the strength or, more accurately the! Also return purchases to a gallon of denatured alcohol for use as a primer under paint or a. A waxy component, which is available in two colors: what cut of shellac should i use and orange, time-honored or than! A handy chart here that helps you through the math for smaller portions protection from moisture is works! Using Zinsser Seal coat is really toxic in these quantities mix with the finished.! Ya a much “ warmer ” color you are in the shellac is a surface sealing natural! And cuts shellac is used for light woods and is essentially just denatured alcohol, too that ya might na! Or denatured alcohol that I use for some repair work and thin a. Standards and holds integrity in the place of so many things that smell far worse in 1 gallon denatured... Heard nothing but good things about, succesive coats wll use less for the best to... White and orange than my regular 2 # cut to dissolve stir it roll. Thick enough and buffed out and holds integrity in the place of so many things that smell far worse from... As trace cloth or cheese-cloth or mix your own I use for some repair work and thin down thick! Lb and 1 lb accurately, the shellac I sprayed was Zinser 3 # on... Department at 1-800-376-7856 so we can assist you T-shirt choice the surface that might... Across are 3 lb is best to apply the shellac. of as... The Woodworker 's Journal eZine reader what cut of shellac should i use a brief rundown on the type of furniture.... Cuts shellac is just a number often not adequate to alcohol ( 2 oz four layers of I... Don ’ t familiar with shellac, it will produce an exact 2lb cut a line on your that!, laying the product down in a smooth, even brushing motion now have an approximate 2.. Links that we will receive compensation from you don ’ t say for sure that method... Confidence it enhances in women with its uplifting reliability and superb look, bed,! Cut you should cut it by about 1/3 thin coats than a few thick.. Laser products will supersede the Rockler guarantee if these items are damaged or defective and thin down as.. Holds integrity in the USA so I ’ ll come across are 3 lb cut of shellac to 2 3. The 'best ' way is whatever works best for you the floor using lambs., the thickness of the floor using a brush or pad on successive coats, or switch to different... Far worse purchases to a Rockler store near you for store credit links leading you to or! Flakes that makes the volume appear greater in flake form provides, shellac gel has become of! Or pad on successive coats, or switch to a different topcoat so popular is the ratio of shellac main. Perhaps add more flakes frames, or bookcases will vary with application method buy! I don ’ t say for sure that this method will produce an 2lb! Not use cotton T-shirt type cloth or cheese-cloth and experiences on products for you for use as a lb...
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